This benefit is focused on the way that people make journeys, including the start and end of a person’s journey, and the options they have open to them. It can also include freight mode choice.
This benefit is about the things that may encourage or dissuade someone to select a particular mode, which is different to the focus on destination in 10.3 Impact on access to opportunities. For example, barriers to mode choice may include availability (infrastructure, service), viability (of provision), affordability to user, frequency, reliability and comfort. Some of these factors are also relevant to 10.1 Impact on user experience.
Travel behaviours – what people decide to do and what value people put on transport options – are fundamental to this benefit. Another key factor that might be included in this benefit is the option value, that is, the value to individuals or groups of knowing about or having transport mode options available to them, even if they are not used. For example, there might be no need for an individual to use the option currently, but there may be in the future.
Any transport investment or programme could identify this benefit, either as a primary or co-benefit, where it provides education and knowledge to people about mode choice or that reduce barriers to mode choice. It could also contribute to investments that increase transport options or their quality, frequency, capacity and spatial coverage.
The beneficiaries of this benefit are all current and future users of the transport system, particularly those who currently have limited transport options.
The quantitative measures associated with this benefit include mode share (of both people and traffic) by number, percentage and distance. The spatial distribution of transport options, including cycling facilities and public transport, and the temporal availability of public transport are also potential quantitative measures of this benefit.
10.2.1 People – mode share#
(Repeat) 8.1.2 Mode shift from single occupancy private vehicle*
10.2.2 Accessibility – public transport facilities#
10.2.3 Spatial coverage – cycle lanes and paths#
10.2.4 Spatial coverage – cycling facilities#
10.2.5 Spatial coverage – public transport – employees#
10.2.6 Spatial coverage – public transport – resident population#
10.2.6a Spatial coverage – public transport – new residential dwellings#
10.2.7 Temporal availability – public transport#
10.2.8 Cost of access to key destinations – all modes*
10.2.9 Pricing – more efficient*
10.2.10 Traffic – mode share (number)#
10.2.10b Traffic – mode share (distance)#
Measures marked # are quantitative and those marked * are qualitative.
For more information about these measures see Land Transport Benefits Framework measures manual.