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This page relates to the 2018-21 National Land Transport Programme.

Introduction

This section provides guidance for assessing:

  • Road safety promotion programmes (covering safety promotion, education and advertising):  These programmes are designed to target a reduction in deaths and serious injuries on the road network.
  • Demand management promotion programmes: These programmes are designed to improve the performance of the land transport system by changing transport demand and travel behaviour.

     

For further information about developing an assessment profile including relevant reference frameworks, see Developing an assessment profile.

Prior requirement for assessment

Before an investment proposal is assessed against the Investment Assessment Framework (IAF), a business case must be developed, which Waka Kotahi NZ Transport Agency will assess to ensure it:

  • is robust and has been developed using business case approach (BCA) principles
  • meets the requirements for being included in the National Land Transport Programme (NLTP) and is eligible for NLTP funding.

The approach Waka Kotahi takes for assessing the proposal depends on the investment level (see below).

 

 

 

  • Approach to take based on investment level

    For road safety promotion programmes costing:

    • less than $1,000,000: 
      Approved organisations and Waka Kotahi will provide the rationale for their proposed activities in their activity management plans (AMP). Regional councils will include their proposals in the regional land transport programme (RLTP). Waka Kotahi expects the majority of road safety promotion programmes to be made up of activities costing less than $1,000,000. These will be treated similarly to low cost, low risk programmes which means they will not require formal business case and cost–benefit appraisal information.
    • $1,000,000 or more: 
      Approved organisations and Waka Kotahi follow a formal business case approach at an appropriate scale. This may be as a standalone business case or may be developed through a programme business case with a focus wider than safety promotion, for example.
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Work categories

 

 

Links to planning

Further to the assessment criteria set out below under results alignment and cost–benefit appraisal, approved organisations and Waka Kotahi should also link their proposals under work categories 421 and 432 to planning documentation such as:

  • activity management planning
  • Safer Journeys areas of concern
  • Communities at Risk Register
  • road safety action planning.

For road safety promotion, there is an activity list template (external link) for filling out details of the activities to be through the programme.

 

  • Communities at Risk Register

    The Communities at Risk register, based on information in the national Crash Analysis System (CAS) database, enables Waka Kotahi to:

    • prioritise funding to those communities of highest concern within a national risk area
    • address issues that are not identified as an area of high concern in the Safer Journeys strategy, but are still a significant local risk issue, by helping local authorities identify and prioritise resources towards the specific areas of concern.

    The register is updated prior to the start of each National Land Transport Programme (NLTP). Briefing notes issued annually to each approved organisation will further define localised risks.

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  • Road safety action planning

    The road safety action planning process is an essential element in the planning activities funded through the NLTP, particularly within road safety promotion.  Effective action planning requires a collaborative approach from key partners to provide direction, commitment and urgency to address and mitigate road safety risks.

    Action planning works most effectively when led and owned by regional leadership, with alignment to national safety strategies.

    Activities delivering on key priority areas for the region, cluster or approved organisation, as informed by evidence, should reflect a number of the Safe System(external link) pillars and integrate investment from all parties utilising advertising, education, enforcement and infrastructure. It is essential that investment proposals for road safety promotion activities  reflect this broad Safe System approach.

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Results alignment

For the promotion of road safety and demand management, the results alignment can be low, medium, high or very high (see below).

For further information on results alignment assessment, see the guidance on Developing an assessment profile.

 

  • Requirements for a low rating

    A promotion of road safety and demand management activity may be given a low results alignment rating if the activity addresses as many of the following criteria as possible: 

    Strategic priority Criteria for a low rating
    Safety
    • Promotes an approach across road safety promotion programmes and tools

     

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  • Requirements for a medium rating

    A promotion of road safety and demand management activity may be given a medium results alignment rating if the activity addresses as many of the following criteria as possible:

    Strategic priority Criteria for a medium rating
    Safety
    • Targets a national or local issue in a Safer Journeys area of ongoing or medium concern
    • Targets an integrated approach across road safety promotion programmes and tools focused on medium risks
    • Promotes system user awareness of safety issues and risks
    • Targets a local issue for a community at medium risk1
    Access – thriving regions
    • Promotes system user and community2  awareness and use of optimal travel choice including tourism and freight
    Access – liveable cities
    • Promotes increases in average vehicle occupancy
    • Promotes system user and community awareness and use of optimal travel choices
    • Supports agreed integrated land use and multi-modal plans in urban areas
    • Promotes mode shifting to improve access to economic and social opportunities and improve amenity in metro areas
    • Promotes opportunity to establish and promote active modes or public transport access to new housing in medium growth urban area
    Environment
    • Promotes lower emissions from the transport system to reduce environmental and public health harms
    • Promotes the use of active modes for health and environmental benefits

     1As defined in the Communities at Risk register

    2Community is widely defined and may include residents, schools, employers, logistics providers and developers.

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  • Requirements for a high rating

    A promotion of road safety and demand management activity may be given a high results alignment rating if the activity addresses as many of the following criteria as possible:

    Strategic priority Criteria for a high rating
    Safety
    • Targets a national or local issue in a Safer Journeys area of high concern
    • Targets an integrated approach across road safety promotion programmes and tools focused on high risks
    • Promotes system user awareness of significant safety issues and risks
    • Targets a local issue for a community at high risk1
    Access – thriving regions
    • Targets mode shifting and ride sharing particularly from single occupancy vehicles to improve access to economic and social opportunities
    Access – liveable cities
    • Targets the uptake of technology for the purposes of improved demand management in major metros
    • Targets system user and community2 awareness and use of optimal travel choices at peak system use periods
    • Supports agreed integrated land use and multi-modal plans in major metros
    • Targets mode shifting and ride sharing to improve access to economic and social opportunities and improve amenity in major metros
    • Targets opportunity to establish and promote active modes or public transport access to new housing in high growth urban areas
    Environment
    • Targets promotion of significant lower emissions from the transport system to reduce environmental and public health harms
    • Targets the use of active modes for health and environmental benefits

    1As defined in the Communities at Risk register

    2Community is widely defined and may include residents, schools, employers, logistics providers and developers.

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  • Requirements for a very high rating

    A promotion of  road safety and demand management activity may be given a very high results alignment rating if the activity addresses as many of the following criteria as possible:

    Strategic priority Criteria for a very high rating
    Safety
    • Promotes the implementation of an approved speed management approach focused on treating the top 10 percent of the network that will result in the greatest reduction in deaths and serious injuries
    • Promotes changes made to safety regulation that address one of the high priority safety areas

     

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Cost-benefit appraisal

The requirements for a cost-benefit appraisal of a promotion of road safety promotion programme depend on whether it is a continuous programme or a new initiative. All proposals for demand management activities need to complete a cost-benefit appraisal for new initiatives.

For further information on cost-benefit appraisal and the resulting assessment ratings see the section on Developing an assessment profile

 

  • Requirements for a cost-benefit appraisal for new initiatives

    Where a new road safety promotion initiative proposes to achieve a significant change or where it targets a particular issue, a cost-benefit appraisal needs to be completed.  A cost-benefit appraisal also needs to be completed for all demand management activities.

    The cost-benefit appraisal methods for promotion of road safety and demand management activities and programmes are:

    1. All road safety promotion activities that individually cost $1,000,000 or more, and all demand management activities require a formal cost-benefit appraisal to calculate a benefit cost ratio (BCR). Activities costing more than $1,000,000 must not be split into smaller components to avoid determining a BCR.
    2. Waka Kotahi may require a value for money assessment to justify the programme. This assessment should be based on the priorities identified in a road safety or travel demand management strategy or action plan using benchmarking and cost effectiveness methodologies, and any other means of cost-benefit appraisal that may be applicable.

    The Monetised benefits and costs manual (from August 2020) and Economic evaluation manual(external link)  (superseded August 2020) contain simplified procedures for cost-benefit appraisal for safety promotion (SP13) and travel behaviour change (SP12).

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  • Requirements for value for money ratings for continuous programmes

    A continuous programme is a group of activities relating to existing assets and services, such as road maintenance, public transport or road safety programmes, delivered on an ongoing basis from one NLTP to the next to maintain an adequate customer level of service.

    A value for money assessment needs to be completed for continuous programmes.

    Road safety promotion programmes, or components of programmes, are given a rating using low, medium, or high based on their relative cost effectiveness and benchmarking performance comparisons:

    • low - when cost effectiveness and benchmarking shows below-average band efficiency
    • medium - when cost effectiveness and benchmarking shows average band efficiency
    • high - when cost effectiveness shows above-average band efficiency.
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  • Further considerations and requirements

    Use of generic or default BCR

    No placeholder, generic or default BCRs are to be used.

    Peer review

    Waka Kotahi reserves the right to require a peer review of benefit and cost appraisal determinations and measures, including any non-monetised/additional benefits and adverse impacts, regardless of the scope, prior to an investment decision.

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