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Medical aspects of fitness to drive – A guide for health practitioners

This guide is to assist health practitioners in assessing the fitness to drive of any individual. It also sets out the responsibilities and obligations of health practitioners.

Appendix 3

Licence classes and endorsement types

This section covers:

Table A: Licence classes

Licence classMotor vehicles covered by the licence classNormal requirement for medical examinations
Class 1 The holder of a class 1 learner, restricted or full licence can drive:
  • a vehicle that has a GLW or GCW of 4500kg or less (this includes tractors or combinations of vehicles, but does not include motorcycles)
  • a moped or all-terrain vehicle
  • any campervan or tradeperson's vehicle with a GLW of 6000kg or less and an on-road weight not exceeding 4500kg.
The holder of a class 1 full licence can also drive:
  • a tractor with a GLW of more than 4500kg but less than 18,001kg if driven at a speed not exceeding 30km/h
  • a tractor/trailer combination of more than 4500kg but not more than 25,000kg if being used in agricultural or land management operations and driven at a speed not exceeding 30km/h.
None
Class 2 The holder of a class 2 licence can drive:
  • any rigid vehicle with a GLW of more than 4500kg but less than 18,001kg
  • any combination vehicle (that is not a tractor/trailer combination) with a GCW of 12,000kg or less
  • any combination vehicle consisting of a rigid vehicle (that is not a tractor) with a GLW of 18,000kg or less towing a light trailer (GLW of 3500kg or less)
  • any rigid vehicle with a GLW of more than 18,000kg that has no more than two axles
  • a tractor with a GLW of more than 4500kg but less than 18,001kg if driven at a speed exceeding 30km/h
  • any vehicle covered in class 1.
10-yearly
Class 3 The holder of a class 3 licence can drive:
  • a combination vehicle with a GCW of more than 12,000kg but less than 25,001kg
  • vehicles covered in classes 1 and 2.
10-yearly
Class 4 The holder of a class 4 licence can drive:
  • a rigid vehicle (including any tractor) with a GLW of more than 18,000kg
  • a combination vehicle consisting of a rigid vehicle with a GLW of more than 18,000kg towing a light trailer (GLW of 3500kg or less)
  • vehicles covered in classes 1 and 2, but not class 3.
10-yearly
Class 5 The holder of a class 5 licence can drive:
  • a combination vehicle with a GCW of more than 25,000kg
  • vehicles covered in classes 1, 2, 3 and 4.
10-yearly
Class 6 The holder of a class 6 licence can drive:
  • any motorcycle, moped or all-terrain vehicle.
None

Gross laden weight (GLW) is the ‘all-up’ weight, or total weight, of a vehicle, including body, payload, fuel and driver. It is a figure set by the vehicle's manufacturer on the basis of vehicle specifications and individual component sizes and ratings.

Gross combined weight (GCW) refers to the total weight of a ‘prime mover’ (tractor) with a semi-trailer and/or trailers, and includes the payload and fuel.

Table B: Graduated driver licensing system licence phases

Identifying letterPhase
L Learner
R Restricted
F Full

Table C: Types of licence endorsement

Identifying letterEndorsementNormal requirement for medical examination
P Passenger endorsement 5-yearly
V Vehicle recovery endorsement 5-yearly
I Driving instructor endorsement (will be followed by a class number to indicate the class of vehicle the endorsement is for) 5-yearly
O Testing officer endorsement 5-yearly
D Dangerous goods endorsement None
F Forklift endorsement for use with special-type vehicles that are forklifts.
  • If the individual holds a class 1 licence, they can operate a forklift with a GLW of 18,000kg or less.
  • If the individual holds a class 2 licence, they can operate a forklift with a GLW exceeding 18,000kg.
None
R Roller endorsement for use with special-type vehicles that run on rollers.
  • If the individual holds a class 1 licence, they can operate a specialtype vehicle that runs on rollers with a GLW of 18,000kg or less.
  • If the individual holds a class 2 licence, they can operate a specialtype vehicle that runs on rollers with a GLW exceeding 18,000kg.
None
T Tracks endorsement for use with special-type vehicles that run on self-laying tracks.
  • If the individual holds a class 1 licence, they can operate a special-type vehicle that runs on tracks with a GLW of 18,000kg or less.
  • If the individual holds a class 2 licence, they can operate a special-type vehicle that runs on tracks with a GLW exceeding 18,000kg.
None
W Wheels endorsement for use with special-type vehicles that run on wheels and are not forklifts.
  •  If the individual holds a class 1 licence they can operate a special-type vehicle that runs on wheels:
    • with a GLW not more than 4500kg
    • with a GLW more than 4500kg but less than 18,001kg if driven at speed not exceeding 30km/h.
  • If the individual holds a class 2 licence they can operate a special-type vehicle that runs on wheels:
    • with a GLW of less than 18,001kg
    • with a GLW of more than 18,000kg if driven at speed not exceeding 30km/h.
  • If the individual holds a class 4 licence they can operate a special-type vehicle that runs on wheels with a GLW exceeding 18,000kg.
None

 

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