As part of the management of the land transport system of New Zealand, a study of land transport pricing policies, with particular emphasis on road pricing, has been carried out. The study comprised a review of relevant literature and the development of a proposed land transport pricing research programme for New Zealand. The report of this study consists of three parts:
- a description of the current structure and pricing of land transport infrastructure in New Zealand
- a review of the literature on land transport pricing to identify the principles underlying transport pricing policies and current and proposed policies from other countries, and
- the identification of a proposed land transport pricing research programme for New Zealand.
The proposed research programme that was identified has three stages:
- a preliminary review, based on current information and best estimates, which would derive initial estimates of costs per trip
- conceptual studies to assess the implications of pursuing different policy objectives particularly in urban and rural areas, and
- a detailed research programme to evaluate land transport pricing systems and to design a preferred pricing system.
Keywords: Charging, costs, land transport, pricing, roads, road users