A research project undertaken in 2001 reviewed the latest research on mobility and accessibility benefits of public transport services. It also quantified the economic value of the mobility/accessibility benefit of the existing public transport network in major urban centres in New Zealand. The research project was undertaken in two stages.
Stage 1 involved definition and scoping of public transport accessibility benefits; review of international literature on these benefits; and critique of methods available for estimating them.
Stage 2 involved estimation of accessibility benefits of existing public transport systems for New Zealand by applying appropriate quantification methods identified in the Stage 1 critique.
Only the consumer surplus methodology, which measures the user accessibility benefits (increased opportunity for employment, education and other activities) for all public transport users, was able to be applied in the New Zealand context. User accessibility benefits of around $200M per annum were estimated.
Keywords: accessibility, benefit, evaluation, mobility, New Zealand, passenger transport, public transport, roads, traffic, transport