Over the last decade, the integration of land use and transport has gained increasing international attention. This trend has been necessitated by the growing environmental and social impacts of road networks and motor vehicle use. These impacts are widely seen as being exacerbated by a lack of integration between land use and transport planning. This report examines potential legal and institutional barriers to the integration of land use and transport planning in New Zealand. It provides an analysis of key planning instruments and practices in relation to the Resource Management Act 1991, Land Transport Act 1998, Land Transport Management Act 2003 and Local Government Act 2002. It also reviews overseas experience to identify key characteristics of effective integration that support sustainable transport outcomes. Drawing on international experience, recommendations are presented for improving New Zealand’s land use and transport planning arrangements to facilitate integration. The research undertaken for the report was carried out between July 2006 and August 2007, as part of Land Transport New Zealand’s 2006/2007 Research Programme.