The objective of the research detailed in Transfund NZ research report 209 was to produce a comprehensive national database of information on trips and parking related to land use in New Zealand and to identify historic trends since the 1970s. This research has revised the original report, updating it to 2010 and comparing New Zealand results with those reported in the UK, USA and Australia. It also reviews trip generation surveys and databases from these four countries.
The research indicated a general equivalence and consistency in the travel patterns seen in New Zealand to those reported in UK, USA and Australia.
Drawing on parallel research based on the MoT New Zealand Household Travel Survey, there is a chapter devoted to daily trips by all modes and purposes.
The research considered surveyed seasonal traffic and parking variations and identified the practical parking design demand for a whole year as the 85 percentile satisfaction which is also the 50th highest hour. This is the upper design limit suggested for the site being considered. At selected locations there may be a variety of specific reasons to reduce this design figure. The report also recommends undertaking further multi-modal trip generation and parking demand surveys for more land uses.
Keywords: city centre, database, design hour, education, industrial, land use, modes of travel, New Zealand, parking demand, recreation, residential, retail, surveys, trends, trip generation