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Research Report 230 Evaluation of automatic bicycle counters in New Zealand

Published: | Category: Transport demand management , Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: General

This report summarises research undertaken in Christchurch, New Zealand, between October 2001 and May 2002, to evaluate automatic bicycle counting technologies. A literature review and consultation with key staff in road controlling authorities were undertaken to select the equipment to test. Rigorous testing was performed on two counters which used pneumatic rubber tube detectors: the Golden River Marksman 410 Bicycle Classifier and the MetroCount Vehicle Classifier 5600 Series. Tests were undertaken both off-street, to simulate conditions in parks and on cycle paths, and on-street in mixed traffic, to simulate typical conditions for cyclists. Other types of equipment were not tested, although they may be satisfactory for counting bicycles. Both counters performed satisfactorily and are recommended for use in New Zealand for counting bicycles, either off-street or on-street, and in both urban and rural situations. They are capable of counting and classifying bicycles and motor vehicles simultaneously.

Research Report 108 Survey of public transport dependent people in New Zealand

Published: | Category: Transport demand management , Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: General

A research project was carried out between 1995 and 1997 to review available data about the patterns of use of existing public transport services in New Zealand and responses to service cuts or fare increases, particularly by 'public transport-dependent people'; and to undertake targeted surveys to investigate how present users in selected subgroups would be affected by service cuts and/or fare increases. It assessed the degree of loss of mobility and access (if any) which would be experienced by this group in the event of changes to service levels and fares; and it assessed the effect of these changes on individual and household welfare. The survey included an analysis of existing data (Part 1), and of current use which was obtained from a household telephone survey (Part 2) and a personal interview survey (Part 3), of public transport services in New Zealand.

Research Report 240 The economics of travel for education in New Zealand

Published: | Category: Transport demand management , Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: General

A study undertaken in 2001–02 on the economics of travel for education had the following objectives:

to gain a better understanding of travel to school and its contribution to urban traffic volumes
to examine alternatives to car use for travel to school, and to assess their likely costs and benefits
to ascertain the impediments to switching travel modes. UK and US experiences of travel to school and its effect on traffic flows are reviewed, and the contribution of school trips to the traffic flows of Wellington and Auckland is ascertained. The arrangements for school bus services in New Zealand are outlined and issues determining the choice of travel mode are discussed. An economic evaluation of encouraging the use of alternatives to private car for education travel is attempted, based as it is on the best, albeit limited, available data.

Research report 436 Benefits of new and improved pedestrian facilities - before and after studies

Published: | Category: Transport demand management , Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: General

Walking is an essential mode of transport. New and improved pedestrian facilities promote walking and provide greater access and mobility within our communities. The NZ Transport Agency has recently updated the procedures for the evaluation of pedestrian improvement projects. The benefit factor applying to new pedestrian trips was increased from $0. 50 to $2. 70/km, making pedestrian facility improvement projects more economically viable. Thus, estimating the increase in pedestrian flows (as opposed to simply recording existing pedestrian flows) is now important in the economic evaluation of new or improved facilities. This research analysed case studies at eight New Zealand sites where the implementation of new pedestrian facilities (or the improvement of existing facilities) led to increased pedestrian usage and improved perception of the sites. The study recorded pedestrian rates both before and after facility implementation, and analysed accompanying factors such as safety, delay and directness.

Research Report 557 Getting more from our roads: an evaluation of special vehicle lanes on urban arterials

Published: | Category: Transport demand management , Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: Road traffic engineers & consultants

With increasing demand for travel and limited opportunities for increasing capacity within urban areas there is increasing pressure to make more effective use of the capacity available. One approach is the introduction of special vehicle lanes where particular classes of traffic, typically buses and high occupancy vehicles are permitted to use the lane. Vehicles eligible to use special vehicle lanes typically represent only a limited part of the total traffic flow, resulting in lower and more reliable travel times for those vehicles. However, where existing road space is reallocated, other traffic may face increased congestion as the capacity available for this is reduced. Users may respond by changing their behaviour to take advantage of improved travel conditions in the special vehicle lane.