An electric vehicle (EV) has an electric motor that is powered by a battery which is charged by connecting to an external source of electricity.
There are two main types of electric vehicle:
Conventional forms of petrol hybrids aren’t considered electric vehicles as they aren’t charged by ‘plugging in’. Their batteries are only charged by re-capturing energy when braking or from electricity generated by the engine.
Transport makes up about a fifth of carbon emissions in Aotearoa New Zealand with most of this coming from road transport. Waka Kotahi is helping Aotearoa transition towards a low emission transport future, through a range of initiatives which are part of a wider cross-government electric vehicle work programme designed to increase electric vehicle uptake.
New technology, like electric vehicles, is opening up the range of transport choices that people can make. This creates better choices for New Zealanders and contributes to a zero carbon transport for New Zealand.
These initiatives, developed with the private sector and local government, will boost the supply of, and demand for, electric vehicles.
Ministry of Transport information on the climate change programme, of which the electric vehicle programme is a part, and statistics on electric vehicles numbers:
New Zealand’s Motor Vehicle Register has 10 engine type definitions to allow for all types of electric-powered vehicles to be clearly and correctly identified. This makes it easier to apply exemptions and report on the electric vehicle fleet.
Waka Kotahi has over 140 vehicles. To contribute towards a low emissions all-of-government fleet, we’re making the switch to a fully electric fleet starting with our pool vehicles.
Waka Kotahi supports the establishment of public charging infrastructure across the state highway network.
We have a goal of public charging facilities being available every 75 kilometres of the state highway network and have achieved 97 percent of this.
We collect real-time information about the availability of public charging points around Aotearoa New Zealand through our live database EVRoam. This information is freely distributed, and information can be accessed through our Journey Planner.