The application of geosynthetic-reinforced soil (GRS) to permanent structures carrying roads and/or pedestrian traffic, such as highway embankments, bridge abutments and retaining walls, is rapidly increasing worldwide, because of its cost-effectiveness. GRS is a comparatively new technique and therefore the design methods for it are not well established.
This research, carried out in 1997–1998, reviews the current state of the design practice of GRS in New Zealand and overseas. It includes:
It forms a basis for further research on the preparation of design guidelines for constructing GRS structures in New Zealand.
Keywords: construction, design, geosynthetics, geotextiles, GRS, New Zealand, reinforcing, seismic behaviour, soil structures, static behaviour