Published: September 2019
Research & reports
This research developed a framework to enable roading authorities to understand the value of meeting the requirements of environmental legislation for roading improvement projects. The Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA) is New Zealand’s main piece of legislation that determines how the environment is managed and was the focus of this research. Government and roading authorities are seeking an understanding of the costs and benefits of environmental mitigation in particular, which meant this research sought to understand the outcomes of the ‘avoid, remedy, mitigate’ process set out in section 5 of the RMA.
Value was determined to be the difference between costs and benefits. The research recognised that not all benefits can be adequately monetised at this point in time, so the framework captures qualitative information, quantitative information and monetary measures.