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Displaying Page 65 of 66

Research Report 664 Risks of driving when affected by cannabis, MDMA (ecstasy) and methamphetamine and the deterrence of such behaviour: a literature review

Published: | Category: Health and safe people , Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: General

This literature review research report on the risks of driving under the influence of drugs and on enforcement of drug driving laws was carried out to inform policy development, including cost-benefit analysis of potential changes to roadside enforcement approaches. The report confirms that cannabis and other drugs lead to more dangerous driving, particularly in combination with alcohol. It shows, however, that there is no clear relationship between the level of drugs consumed and the degree of risky driving. Also, although the principles on which deterrence efforts should be based are clear, the relative deterrent effects of various types of enforcement on drug use among drivers have not been clearly established. Keywords: ambulance, crash, emergency, impact, post-crash, rescue, road,     

Research Report 301 Best practice for use and design of truck mounted attenuators (TMA) for New Zealand roads

Published: | Category: Integrated land use and transport systems , Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: General

Truck Mounted Attenuators (TMA) are widely used on New Zealand Level 2 and 3 state highways and on some network roads that carry high-volume high-speed traffic, to provide safe environments for both roadwork crews and road users. They are used for static, semi-static and mobile operations carried out on sealed carriageways. However, current practice (specified in the 3rd edition of Transit New Zealand Code of Practice for Temporary Traffic Management (CoPTTM June 2004)) has not prevented 39 TMA incidents occurring in the past five years (July 1999 to July 2004), including four fatalities, as well as numerous injuries. Rather than enhancing safety, the VES currently used on TMA have the potential to adversely affect driving, and to create unsafe circumstances by providing drivers with inefficient messages.

Research Report 665 Valuing freight transport time and reliability

Published: | Category: Economic prosperity , Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: General

This research was undertaken to address a knowledge and data gap in transport economic analysis on the value of freight travel time and reliability. Values have been developed from this research and will be included in the Waka Kotahi Economic Evaluation Manual (EEM).  

The information will assist the planning and development of business cases to improve the transport system, recognising the value of improvements in reliability, frequency of services and loss/damage to freight in transit. These values will support multi-model analysis of improvements to the transport system. Keywords: contingent valuation, economic evaluation, freight transport, New Zealand, service frequency, stated preference (SP), transport investment, transport reliability, travel time, value of reliability (VoR), value of time (VoT), willingness to pay (WTP)

Research reports

| Category: About the research programme , Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: General

Through its Research Programme, Waka Kotahi NZ Transport Agency invests in innovative and relevant research which plays a critical role in contributing to the government's goals for transport. The results of Waka Kotahi research must be readily applicable to interventions that can be cost effectively applied in New Zealand in the short-to-medium term for longer term impacts. For further information, you can either:

search for reports of completed projects
view an index of all the online reports on one page
download a detailed spreadsheet of the published reports
view a list of active research reports and their purpose and objectives
You can also receive updates and latest research reports in your email inbox:

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Research notes

| Category: About the research programme , Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: General

Through its Research Programme, Waka Kotahi NZ Transport Agency invests in innovative and relevant research which plays a critical role in contributing to the government's goals for transport. The results of Waka Kotahi research must be readily applicable to interventions that can be cost effectively applied in New Zealand in the short-to-medium term for longer term impacts. Research notes are the output of research generally undertaken within short timeframes in response to a specific issue or development and the outputs are not independently peer reviewed. For further information, you can either:

search for reports of completed projects
view an index of all the online reports on one page
download a detailed spreadsheet of the published reports
view a list of active research reports and their purpose and objectives
You can also receive updates and latest research reports in your email inbox:

Sign up to receive updates about research reports

Research Report 645 Post-impact care: How can New Zealand address the fifth pillar of road safety?

Published: | Category: Safety, security and public health , Research programme , Research & reports | Audiences: General, Medical practitioners, Road controlling authorities

Post-crash care of victims is considered by the World Health Organisation to be the fifth pillar of the safe system approach to road safety. Timeliness and quality of transport of crash victims from the crash site to hospital door is crucial to medical outcomes. It is important that road controlling authorities (RCAs) and Road Policing work together with Emergency Services to provide the best possible outcomes for the available resources. This report considers the roles of RCAs and Road Policing in facilitating transport of crash victims from the crash site to the hospital door. The report includes a literature and technology review, a crash analysis and estimates of the time from crash notification to hospital. Also considered are issues arising from a workshop of stakeholders and an online survey of front-line staff from Road Policing, St John and Fire and Emergency New Zealand.

Research Report 666 Social impact assessment of mode shift

Published: | Category: Inclusive access , Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: General

This research was commissioned to inform decision-makers about the social impacts of mode shift, and to enhance the likelihood that benefits will be equitably shared. The report finds that a greater understanding of existing inequities in transport resources and access to opportunities can help to target mode shift policies so that they contribute to achieving optimal transport outcomes and wellbeing for all. Keywords: distributional impacts, equity, mode shift, New Zealand, social impacts, transport appraisal, Waka Kotahi NZ Transport Agency

Research Report 667 Developing methodologies for improving customer levels of service for walking

Published: | Category: Inclusive access , Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: General

This research was commissioned as there is currently a gap in terms of national models and tools that provide customer levels of service information regarding the walkability of New Zealand’s transport networks. The research aimed to determine the key factors that contribute to the quality and attractiveness of the pedestrian network, and to incorporate those in a consistent framework to inform the planning, design and operation of transport systems. The report contains a Pedestrian Level of Service (PLOS) Framework that is applicable for network, street and journey assessments.  

Keywords: access, level of service, pedestrian design, pedestrian planning, safety, walkability

Research Report 670 Better measurement of the direct and indirect costs and benefits of resilience

Published: | Category: Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: General

This research was undertaken as currently the techniques and methodologies in the Economic Evaluation Manual relating to valuing resilience in transport appraisal are under-developed. The study describes the different techniques and methods that can be used to assess resilience in transport schemes and projects. The study will help to better assess resilience in transport schemes and projects and improve decision making. Keywords: cost–benefit analysis, hazard, resilience, risk, uncertainty

Research Report 668 A cross portfolio consideration of interventions impacting transport safety outcomes

Published: | Category: Research programme , Research & reports | Audience: General

This project aimed to identify interventions outside of the traditional transport sector with spill-over effects on road safety and to inform future evaluations of road safety interventions on how to include road safety co-benefits in programme design. Unfortunately, at present, road safety co-benefits are often left out of intervention logics for non-road safety projects, due to complexity, uncertainties, risks and resource pressures. The report recommends several practical measures that could be implemented to improve the likelihood of road safety co-benefits being included in allied agencies’ programme intervention logics. Keywords: actor map, case study, co-benefits, congestion, education, electric vehicle, emissions, enrolment scheme, environment, intervention logic, interventions, justice, police, Rasmussen, risk management framework, road safety, school, systems, systems framework, transport, workplace, youth crime
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